Kandy, city in the Central Highlands of ithe island, at an elevation of 1,640 feet (500 metres). In 1592 it became the capital of the Sri Lankan kings, who preserved their independence during the period of European colonial rule—except for temporary occupations by the Portuguese and the Dutch—until 1815, when the British ousted Sri Wickrama Rajasinha.
Some more attractions in Kandy are Kandy Lake, Temple of the Sacred Tooth Relic, Ceylon Tea Museum, Degal Doruwa Raja Maha Vihara, National Museum Asgiriya Maha Vihara.
Pinnawala is popular because of the Elephant Orphanage which is an orphanage, nursery and captive breeding ground for wild Sri Lankan elephants located at Pinnawala village, 13 km (8.1 mi) northeast of Kegalle town in Sabaragamuwa Province of Sri Lanka. Pinnawala has the largest herd of captive elephants in the world. Pinnawala Elephant Orphanage is one of Sri Lanka’s most popular and wonderful animal attractions.
Sri Lanka has always been reknowned for its spices. Over 15 different spices call Sri Lanka home and many of them are traded in the international spice market. Cinnamon especially is endemic to Sri Lanka, and highest quality ‘true cinnamon’ can be obtained here.
However if a visitor does not know the right places to purchase spices it is very easy to be duped for low quality spices or pay unnecessarily exorbitant prices. Visiting Sri Lanka which is a land of spices, without seeing those spices being grown would indeed be a pity too. So can both both, touring spice plantations and buying the best spices be done at the same time? The answer is –Yes!
The best way to check out and purchase the best spices in Sri Lanka is to visit the island’s various renowned Spice Gardens .
Situated in Kandy’s suburb of Peradeniya, the spectacular Peradeniya Botanical Garden dates to 1371. Once enjoyed for pleasure by a Kandyan queen, this spectacular garden is enclosed on three sides by a large bend in the Mahaweli River. A Kandyan prince’s residence during the 18th Century, in the early 1800s the leafy green tangle became one of the greatest Botanical Gardens in the British Empire. For a short spell during the Second World War, it was used as the Allied Forces Headquarters for the Asian region.
The gardens display over 4 000 different species of plants, regarded amongst the most superior in Asia. The highlight is the spectacular Orchid collection and a mighty avenue of palm trees. In addition to a plethora of flowering plants, there is also an extensive collection of medicinal plants and spices which can be spotted on your meander across the gardens. Encompassing over 60 hectares of sublimely designed lawns, pavilions and plant houses, the extraordinary array of Sri Lankan, Asian and international flora is a fragrant, colourful view on the eye. Gorgeous avenues lead on to sections exploding in bursts of tropical colour and vast lawns dotted with enormous trees.